African Savanna Biome
|African Savanna Biome|
African Savanna Biome By Alex Tucker Perla Serrato and Megan Shuptrine A savanna is a grassland ecosystem with shrubs and isolated trees. Temperature Savannas have warm temperatures throughout the year. Throughout the dry season, which will be winter, the temperature stays between 68 and 78 degrees F. Throughout the wet season, which will be summer, there's a lot of rain and the temperature is between 78 and 86 degrees F. The longitude African savanna is located in the southern part of Africa. They're on both sides of the equator. Savannas can be seen between a desert biome and also a tropical rainforest.
Latitude 15 degrees north and 30 degrees south. 15 degrees west and 40 degrees west. Weather In the wet season (which is summer) they get fifteen to twenty-five inches of rain a month. In the dry season (which is winter) there is an average of four inches of rainfall. Humidity During the months of December to March the temperatures are humid and very hot. Yet, like May to August in the dry months have a low humidity. Ground Type and Compostion The earth of the African savanna is porous, with rapid drainage of water. It's a thin layer of humus (the organic portion of the soil made by partial decomposition of plant or animal matter), which gives plant life with nutrients. How can Companies, Consumers, and Decomposers socialize in the Savanna? Ecosystems comprise of many food chains that interact. Food webs are created by these interacting food chains. In these food chains there are producers such as other plants and grass that are consumed by herbivores like a warthog. Subsequently scavengers like hyenas or vultures raven on the warthog. That's when the decomposers/detritivores including bacteria, fungi, termites breaks down organic matter making it available to makers and finishing the food web. 4 Symbiotic relationships Predation: Lion eating and chasing a gazelle.
Parasitism: Tick on an elephant.
Commensalism: A Carry (bird) taking a ride on an elephant.
Mutualism: What are we, as people doing to the African Savanna? How is this affecting the biome.
|tropical savanna biome|
Cutting wood and turning the savanna to your desert, causing fires which is ruining the land, using the property for cattle grazing causing the grass to die are causing difficulties for the environment, and hunting animals are causing animals to eventually become extinct.
Creating controlled burning plants to keep fires from protecting the environment by making a biosphere reservation, creating natural preserves to keep the savanna natural and developing. Some endanger animals in the savanna
|savanna biome location|
Cape mountain zebras Cheetahs are endangered as a result of their loss of habitat and poachers hunting them for his or her fur. African Elephants are endangered as a result of their lack of habitat due to human growth. African elephants are hunted because of their tusks,meat and skin, though it really is illegal. By having wildlife preserves we are helping the elephants in the savanna. Monitoring strategy and direction has been created to manage the zebra population as a way to greatly help save them. Black Rhinos are just one of the very most endangered animals on earth. They're endangered because they are killed by hunters . I think we ought to help these animals that are endangered because we're one the reasons they may be becoming extinct. There would be more of these endanger species living, if it weren't for us hunting them. Predation Parasitism Mutualism Commensalism
Human intervention can be advantageous or damaging to the African Savanna biome. Mostly, humans have damaged and disturbed the Savanna grasslands by removing vegetation to construct roads for safari trucks resulting in soil erosion. Soil erosion has caused the land to eventually become infertile and has damaged the natural ecosystem. In addition, the property of the Kenyan Masai tribe was converted into government land for the intent of building the Serengeti National Park situated in Tanzania. Through the building many species were lost since the biodiversity of the ecosystem was lost. While zebras and cheetahs are being poached for their beautiful pelts, elephants are being poached for their ivory. “Elephants enrich their environment by knocking over trees and eating items” (Kim Meehan), however, these jobs are unable to be finished as the population of elephants continues to decrease.
There are two primary seasons in the African savanna- winter, or the “ season” that is dry, and summer, also called the “wet season”. They can be called wet and dry in line with the quantity of precipitation each season receives. The annual precipitation is from about 50 to 130 cm. The savanna has a warm, but relatively moderate temperature year round, typically ranging from about 20 to 30 degrees Celsius. The growing season is from about June to September.
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Climatograph of Ethiopia
Trees: The most frequent kinds of trees are the members of the umbrella-formed acacia family (also called thorn-trees, because of the thorny branches). Included in these are the yellow-fever the umbrella acacia, acacia, as well as the Senegal acacia. Many uses are served by acacias. For example, the seeds and has really been used in the past as a treatment for rabies, incense, and painting, and honey are employed for food. Acacias are commonly used for perfume. Another common kind of tree is the baobab tree. They are tall trees with trunks that are quite wide. The trunks are important simply because they keep water in case of drought (which might be critical during the dry season of the African savannas. Baobabs are long-living trees and a few have been known to live for thousands of years. The fruit of the baobab is recognized as “monkey bread”, and that's why the tree is generally known as the monkey bread tree. Other trees found in the African savanna include the Jackal Berry tree (which is among the tallest trees in the ecosystem at 80 ft) and also the candelabra tree, which can be less common.
Shrubs- One of the shrubs that are common is the Sickle Bush, which grows up with a round crown 3m wide. Another common shrub is the Buffalo thorn, which is known for the distinctive zigzag shaped twigs and shiny, light green leaves. Additionally, there are several species of raisin bushes, or Grewia, which are seen near permanent or seasonal watersheds in the savanna.
Grasses- African savannas have an abundant of distinct species of grasses (after all, they're called grasslands). The most crucial species of grass in the grasslands are the common finger grease. Creatures greatly rely on this particular species, especially during the dry season, when other species of grass become unpalatable. This grass is easily identifiable from the finger like flowering tufts that top each stalk. Another very common species found in the savanna are the lovers; there are eleven species of lovers. Of those, heart seed lovers and saw tooth lovers are the most ample. Bluestem grass is found in the warmer areas of the savanna and comprises three common species: pinhole grass purple plume grass and grass that was stinking.